A chronological documentation test project, nothing serious, really!

01 Dec 2008 Network upgrade Ubuntu Server 8.04 to 8.10

This post describes how I upgraded my Ubuntu (Hardy Heron) 8.04 server installation to (Intrepid Ibex) 8.10 from the command line.

First you’ll need to make sure you are running the latest packages

# sudo aptitude update
# sudo aptitude safe-upgrade

Then you will need to install the Ubuntu upgrade package

# sudo aptitude install update-manager-core

You can start the upgrade when the package is installed

# sudo do-release-upgrade

Then you just have to follow the on-screen instructions and answer the questions as they pop up. One thing to note is the fact that it is not suggested to perform the upgrade via a remote ssh connection. I have done earlier upgrades multiple times before without any problems, but I might just have been lucky.

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02 Feb 2008 Zimbra upgraded from 5.0.1 to 5.0.2

Today, my Zimbra installation was upgraded from version 5.0.1 to 5.0.2 on my Debian Etch 4.0 server. It looks like everything is working properly after the upgrade.

Short description of the upgrade prosess

  1. Stop Zimbra and make sure every process has stopped
    # su - zimbra
    # zmcontrol stop
    # lsof | grep opt | grep zimbra

    You should kill all running prosesses lsof gives you before continuing the upgrade.

  2. Download the latest version of Zimbra
  3. Make a full backup of /opt/zimbra
  4. Unpack the installation packag
    # tar xfz zcs-5.0.2_GA_1975.DEBIAN4.0.20080130234700.tgz
  5. Change directory to the zimbra 5.0.2 directory, start the upgrade and follow the instructions
    # cd zcs-5.0.2_GA_1975.DEBIAN4.0.20080130234700
    # ./install

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30 Nov 2007 Upgrade from Fedora Core 7 to Core 8

This is the steps I took to upgrade a running Fedora Core 7 installation to Core 8 using yum from the command line. Please note that live upgrades are not recommended by the Fedora Project.

Make a list of the systems current packages for later reference:

rpm -qa --qf '%{NAME}\n' | sort | uniq > ~/new-pkgnames.txt

Make a backup of any system configuration data (as root):

tar czf ~/etc-`date +%F`.tar.gz /etc

yum clean all

Make sure the new repo files isn’t placed as .rpmnew files, perhaps by

mv /etc/yum.repos.d/fedora-updates.repo.rpmnew /etc/yum.repos.d/fedora-updates.repo
mv /etc/yum.repos.d/fedora.repo.rpmnew /etc/yum.repos.d/fedora.repo

Also make sure that all the 3rd party repos you normally use point to the repository for the new Fedora release.

Next the upgrade.
Make sure you are in runlevel 3

telinit 3

Run the following command to update the yum repo on your box:

rpm -Uhv rpm -Uvh rpm -Uvh

yum might complain about conflicts or requirements. That is probably because you have used non-standard repositories or installed non-standard packages manually. Try to guess which packages cause the problem (or at least is a part of the dependency chain) – uninstall them and try again. Remember to install the packages again if they are essential.

Tip: Find and review “lost” packages.
You can find orphaned packages (ie packages not in the repositories anymore) after the upgrade with the tool package-cleanup from the yum-utils package

yum install yum-utils; package-cleanup --orphans

It’s often helpful to run this command before the update, too. For packages with a failing “%postun” script the old package will remain partly installed. Remove it with

rpm -e package-name-and-version

If you forget to remove the avahi package it will refuse to be removed from the system with a error message “error: %postun(avahi-0.6.17-1.fc7.i386) scriptlet failed, exit status 1”. I haven’t looked up this error message any further.

I had to clean yum to make it aware of the recent package change, this might not be necessary.

yum clean all
yum upgrade

Ensure that all (new) essential packages from the new version is installed with

yum groupupdate Base

You might want to update other groups too, see

yum grouplist

The system had to upgrade 937 packages before fedora Core 7 is a fedora Core 8 installation.

After the upgrade has finished a reboot is required and it was time to check for orphaned packages

package-cleanup --orphans

The command for removing these packages is described earlier.

Source:, and

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28 Oct 2007 Updating WordPress using a bash script

If you have shell access to your webserver this script can be used to upgrade your WordPress installation to the latest version quickly. Always remeber to backup your database and installation files before running it!

Do change the bold text to reflect your WordPress Internet address before you run the script.

echo Updating WordPress located in $CURDIR
echo 1. Downloading latest WordPress install file.
wget -q
echo 2.  Unpacking downloaded file.
tar zxf latest.tar.gz
cd wordpress/
echo 3.  Replacing old files with the unpacked ones.
tar cf - . | (cd $CURDIR; tar xf -)
echo 4.  Update the WordPress installation.
wget -q -O - ${SITE}/wp-admin/upgrade.php?step=1> /dev/null
echo 5.  Removing the WordPress file downloaded recently.
rm -f ../latest.tar.gz
echo 6.  WordPress is now upgraded.

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