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19 Nov 2013 Installing build-essentials in CentOS or Ubuntu

This post desrcibes how to install “build-essentials” on CentOS/RedHat og Ubuntu/Debian. build-essentials provides the packages you need to build or compile source code (make and gcc) and create binary files. The build-essentials package is a quick way to install the packages needed to compile VMware Tools on a VMware guest.

In Ubuntu

$ sudo aptitude install build-essentials

In CentOS

# yum groupinstall "Development Tools"

You might also need kernel sources to compile some software

# yum install kernel-devel kernel-headers

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14 Aug 2010 HP Compaq 8540p hardware list in linux

You can use lspci -n to analyce what hardware is on your system. My new laptop a HP EliteBook 8540p gives the following output:

00:00.0 0600: 8086:0044 (rev 12)
00:01.0 0604: 8086:0045 (rev 12)
00:16.0 0780: 8086:3b64 (rev 06)
00:19.0 0200: 8086:10ea (rev 06)
00:1a.0 0c03: 8086:3b3c (rev 06)
00:1b.0 0403: 8086:3b56 (rev 06)
00:1c.0 0604: 8086:3b42 (rev 06)
00:1c.1 0604: 8086:3b44 (rev 06)
00:1c.3 0604: 8086:3b48 (rev 06)
00:1c.7 0604: 8086:3b50 (rev 06)
00:1d.0 0c03: 8086:3b34 (rev 06)
00:1e.0 0604: 8086:2448 (rev a6)
00:1f.0 0601: 8086:3b07 (rev 06)
00:1f.2 0106: 8086:3b2f (rev 06)
00:1f.6 1180: 8086:3b32 (rev 06)
01:00.0 0300: 10de:0a2c (rev a2)
01:00.1 0403: 10de:0be2 (rev a1)
44:00.0 0280: 8086:4239 (rev 35)
45:00.0 0c03: 1033:0194 (rev 03)
46:06.0 0c00: 1180:0832 (rev 06)
46:06.1 0805: 1180:0822 (rev 25)
46:06.2 0880: 1180:0843 (rev 14)
46:06.3 0880: 1180:0592 (rev 14)
46:06.4 0880: 1180:0852 (rev bb)
46:06.5 0607: 1180:0476 (rev ff)
ff:00.0 0600: 8086:2c62 (rev 02)
ff:00.1 0600: 8086:2d01 (rev 02)
ff:02.0 0600: 8086:2d10 (rev 02)
ff:02.1 0600: 8086:2d11 (rev 02)
ff:02.2 0600: 8086:2d12 (rev 02)
ff:02.3 0600: 8086:2d13 (rev 02)

Copy the result from the above command and visit the address Debian GNU/Linux device driver check page and paste it into the window.

In my case the result was presented like this

PCI ID Works? Vendor Device Driver Kernel
80860044 Yes Intel Corporation Core Processor DRAM Controller intel-agp
80860045 Intel Corporation Core Processor PCI Express x16 Root Port
80863b64 Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset HECI Controller
808610ea Yes Intel Corporation 82577LM Gigabit Network Connection e1000e v2.6.31-
80863b3c Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset USB2 Enhanced Host Controller
80863b56 Yes Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset High Definition Audio snd-hda-intel v2.6.27-
80863b42 Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 1
80863b44 Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 2
80863b48 Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 4
80863b50 Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 8
80863b34 Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset USB2 Enhanced Host Controller
80862448 Yes Intel Corporation 82801 Mobile PCI Bridge i810_rng
80863b07 Yes Intel Corporation Mobile 5 Series Chipset LPC Interface Controller iTCO_wdt v2.6.33-
80863b2f Yes Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset 6 port SATA AHCI Controller ahci v2.6.31-
80863b32 Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset Thermal Subsystem
10de0a2c nVidia Corporation GT216 [NVS 5100M]
10de0be2 Yes nVidia Corporation High Definition Audio Controller snd-hda-intel
80864239 Yes Intel Corporation Centrino Advanced-N 6200 iwlagn v2.6.30-
10330194 NEC Corporation uPD720200 USB 3.0 Host Controller
11800832 Ricoh Co Ltd R5C832 IEEE 1394 Controller
11800822 Yes Ricoh Co Ltd R5C822 SD/SDIO/MMC/MS/MSPro Host Adapter sdhci-pci v2.6.25-
11800843 Yes Ricoh Co Ltd R5C843 MMC Host Controller ricoh_mmc
11800592 Ricoh Co Ltd R5C592 Memory Stick Bus Host Adapter
11800852 Ricoh Co Ltd xD-Picture Card Controller
11800476 Yes Ricoh Co Ltd RL5c476 II yenta_socket v2.6.25-
80862c62 Intel Corporation Core Processor QuickPath Architecture Generic Non-core Registers
80862d01 Intel Corporation Core Processor QuickPath Architecture System Address Decoder
80862d10 Intel Corporation Core Processor QPI Link 0
80862d11 Intel Corporation Core Processor QPI Physical 0
80862d12 Intel Corporation Core Processor Reserved
80862d13 Intel Corporation Core Processor Reserved

This is the text presentation of the hardware in the HP 8540p laptop

# lspci
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor DRAM Controller (rev 12)
00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor PCI Express x16 Root Port (rev 12)
00:16.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset HECI Controller (rev 06)
00:19.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation 82577LM Gigabit Network Connection (rev 06)
00:1a.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset USB2 Enhanced Host Controller (rev 06)
00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset High Definition Audio (rev 06)
00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 1 (rev 06)
00:1c.1 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 2 (rev 06)
00:1c.3 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 4 (rev 06)
00:1c.7 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 8 (rev 06)
00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset USB2 Enhanced Host Controller (rev 06)
00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 Mobile PCI Bridge (rev a6)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation Mobile 5 Series Chipset LPC Interface Controller (rev 06)
00:1f.2 SATA controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset 6 port SATA AHCI Controller (rev 06)
00:1f.6 Signal processing controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset Thermal Subsystem (rev 06)
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: nVidia Corporation Device 0a2c (rev a2)
01:00.1 Audio device: nVidia Corporation High Definition Audio Controller (rev a1)
44:00.0 Network controller: Intel Corporation WiFi Link 6000 Series (rev 35)
45:00.0 USB Controller: NEC Corporation Device 0194 (rev 03)
46:06.0 FireWire (IEEE 1394): Ricoh Co Ltd R5C832 IEEE 1394 Controller (rev 06)
46:06.1 SD Host controller: Ricoh Co Ltd R5C822 SD/SDIO/MMC/MS/MSPro Host Adapter (rev 25)
46:06.2 System peripheral: Ricoh Co Ltd R5C843 MMC Host Controller (rev 14)
46:06.3 System peripheral: Ricoh Co Ltd R5C592 Memory Stick Bus Host Adapter (rev 14)
46:06.4 System peripheral: Ricoh Co Ltd xD-Picture Card Controller (rev bb)
46:06.5 CardBus bridge: Ricoh Co Ltd RL5c476 II (rev ff)
ff:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor QuickPath Architecture Generic Non-core Registers (rev 02)
ff:00.1 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor QuickPath Architecture System Address Decoder (rev 02)
ff:02.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor QPI Link 0 (rev 02)
ff:02.1 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor QPI Physical 0 (rev 02)
ff:02.2 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor Reserved (rev 02)
ff:02.3 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor Reserved (rev 02)


This makes it easier to determine which device drivers I’m missing and might have to compile for the kernel.

More info about this laptop can be found on the Linux Laptop Wiki

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07 Oct 2009 Create a Debian Lenny installation USB stick

This is a short post that describes how to prepare your USB memory stick for a base installation of Debian Lenny. This will most likely also work on Debian based distributions like Ubuntu.

Download the latest Debian boot.img.gz file

# wget http://people.debian.org/~joeyh/d-i/images/daily/hd-media/boot.img.gz

Download the latest Debian netinst ISO image

# wget http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/daily-builds/daily/arch-latest/i386/iso-cd/debian-testing-i386-netinst.iso

Connect the USB stick in the computer and verify that the drive is recognized in /var/log/messages.

It is now time to write the downloaded files onto your USB stick.

First write the boot information to the stick

# zcat boot.img.gz > /dev/sdb

I am assuming that /dev/sdb is the memory stick. Always check that you are writing to the right device!

Mount the USB stick and copy the installation files from the ISO image

# mount /dev/sdb /media/memstick
# cp debian-testing-i386-netinst.iso /media/memstick

The USB stick is now ready to be used as a boot media just like a CDROM.

Edit:
You can also use UnetBootin, a graphical (GUI) thats lets you choose distributions etc and create a bootable USB stick.

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04 Sep 2008 Store Debian boot messages in log

You can enable boolog in /etc/default/bootlogd

BOOTLOGD_ENABLE=Yes

The log is saved in /var/log/boot

This tip also applies to Ubuntu systems.

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02 Sep 2008 Rename files by wildcard pattern and correct the EXIF timestamp metadata

This is a little script I’ve written to correct all my image files since the EXIF timestamp information is one hour out of sync. The filenames have been renamed to comply to the EXIF information and has to be renamed again because of the one hour scew. The filename can look something like this 20080102-1201_DSC_0910.JPG where the name is built up like YYYYMMDD-HHMM_Original_Filename.JPG
Remember to backup your imagefiles before you continue. You have been warned!

Rename files using wildcard pattern

This is the files we are going to rename

20080102-1201_DSC_0910.JPG
20080105-1923_DSC_1006.JPG
20080111-1220_DSC00189.JPG
20080122-0929_DSC00190.JPG

The mmv command is a command that lets you move/copy/append/link multiple files by wildcard patterns. It can be installed in Debian (or Debian based distributions like Ubuntu) by issuing the command

# aptitude install mmv

Now rename the files back to their original name

# mmv "*_DSC*" "DSC#2"

The result after this operation looks like this

DSC_0910.JPG
DSC_1006.JPG
DSC_1179.JPG
DSC_1302.JPG
DSC_1587.JPG

Correct the EXIF timestamp using exiv2

Next adjust the EXIF information stored in the image files to fix the one hour difference. This can be done using different EXIF tools like exiftool, but I will show you how it can be done using jhead and exiv2. The advantage with exiv2 is that it can also handle Nikon NEF files while jhead only can prosess JPG.

The current timestamp can be determined as follows

# exiftool DSC_0910.JPG | grep "File Mo"

The result in this case is

File Modification Date/Time : 2008:01:02 08:34:09

Adjust EXIF time info one hour forward using exiftool

# exiftool -AllDates+=1 DSC_0910.JPG

Other tools that could have done the job

Adjust EXIF time info one hour forward using jhead

# jhead -ta +1 DSC_0910.JPG

Install the jhead package using aptitude as mentioned earlier for the mmv package

Adjust EXIF time info one hour forward using exiv2

# exiv2 ad -a 1 DSC_0910.JPG

Rename files back to YYYYMMDD-HHMM_Original_Filename.JPG

It is now time to rename the files back to the YYYYMMDD-HHMM_Original_Filename.JPG format I used before this operation. This operation has been describe in a previous post named Rename image files according to EXIF date

exiv2 -r'%Y%m%d-%H%M_:basename:' rename $(ls D*)

The script

#!/bin/bash -x
# Needed software:
# exiftool
# exiv2
# mmv

# Script tested on Nikon D80 and Sony Cybershot DSC-W12 files

# Make a printout of how the files look like now
ls -l > repair_name_and_exif_before.txt

# Rename files to remove date formatting back to original name
mmv "*_DSC*" "DSC#2"

# Change EXIF info on JPG files (order is important)
exiftool -overwrite_original -AllDates+=1 D*.JPG
# Preserve date/time of original file when writing
exiftool -overwrite_original '-DateTimeOriginal>FileModifyDate' D*.JPG

# Change EXIF info on NEF files (order is important)
exiftool -overwrite_original -AllDates+=1 '-DateTimeOriginal>FileModifyDate' D*.NEF
# Preserve date/time of original file when writing
exiftool -overwrite_original '-DateTimeOriginal>FileModifyDate' D*.NEF

# Rename files back to date formatting (YYYYMMDD-HHMM_Filename) based on the new EXIF info
exiv2 -r'%Y%m%d-%H%M_:basename:' rename $(ls D*)

# Make a printout of how the files look like after conversion
ls -l > repair_name_and_exif_after.txt

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