A chronological documentation test project, nothing serious, really!

26 Apr 2012 Manual download and install of VMware Tools in linux

This post describes how you can download and install the latest version of VMware Tools to a linux guest from a ESXi 5.0 host. You need SSH access rights to a VMware host to follow this guide.

  1. Allow SSH access to the VMware host you are about to access.
    • This can be done in the vSphere Client: Choose the VMware host you would like to access.
    • Go to the Configuration tab and select Security Profile under Software. Edit Services Properties and start the SSH daemon.
    • Verify that the firewall allows SSH traffic
  2. All the VMware Tools are located in the /vmimages/tools-isoimages/ folder on the host. Download the ISO-image with the tools you need
    • Issue this command from a machine that has access to the VMware host.
       sftp username@vmhost.tld:/vmimages/tools-isoimages/linux.iso

      Type in your password and the download will start

  3. Mount the ISO-file and copy the VMware Tools installer file to the desired VMware linux guest using SSH
    • # mount linux.iso /media/cdrom/ -t iso9660 -o loop
      # scp /media/cdrom/VMwareTools-8.6.5-652272.tar.gz username@vmguest.tld:
  4. Manual install of VMware Tools on a vmguest as a privileged user
    • # tar xfz VMwareTools-8.6.5-652272.tar.gz
      # cd vmware-tools-distrib
      # ./

      Follow the instructions and finish the installer. A reboot may be required to load the necessary kernel modules.

Your VMware Tools are now installed and should work as it would on a normal VMware Tools installation.

This procedure can also be used on other operating systems. This is a list of all the VMware Tools ISO-images available in the /vmimages/tools-isoimages/ folder on a ESXi 5.0 host

sftp> ls -l
-rwx------    1 root     root     12576768 Apr 13 09:17 darwin.iso
-rwx------    1 root     root          256 Apr 13 09:17 darwin.iso.sig
-rwx------    1 root     root     16021504 Apr 13 09:16 freebsd.iso
-rwx------    1 root     root          256 Apr 13 09:18 freebsd.iso.sig
-rwx------    1 root     root     65200128 Apr 13 09:15 linux.iso
-rwx------    1 root     root          256 Apr 13 09:17 linux.iso.sig
-rwx------    1 root     root         1738 Apr 13 09:17 linux_avr_manifest.txt
-rwx------    1 root     root       540672 Apr 13 09:17 netware.iso
-rwx------    1 root     root          256 Apr 13 09:16 netware.iso.sig
-rwx------    1 root     root     13006848 Apr 13 09:17 solaris.iso
-rwx------    1 root     root          256 Apr 13 09:16 solaris.iso.sig
-rwx------    1 root     root          451 Apr 13 09:17
-rwx------    1 root     root     13664256 Apr 13 09:18 winPre2k.iso
-rwx------    1 root     root          256 Apr 13 09:17 winPre2k.iso.sig
-rwx------    1 root     root           49 Apr 13 09:18 winPre2k_avr_manifest.txt
-rwx------    1 root     root     62128128 Apr 13 09:17 windows.iso
-rwx------    1 root     root          256 Apr 13 09:18 windows.iso.sig
-rwx------    1 root     root         1069 Apr 13 09:17 windows_avr_manifest.txt

Tags: , , , , ,

Posted by

23 Jun 2009 HowTo use lftp as a sftp client

lftp is a file transfer program that allows sophisticated ftp, http and other connections to other hosts. If site is specified then lftp will connect to that site otherwise a connection has to be established with the open command.

Basic usage

  • lftp sftp://[domain name]
  • lftp s

Use a different user name than the one you are currently using

  • lftp sftp://[user name]@[domain name]
  • lftp s

Use a different port and different user name

  • lftp sftp://[user name]@[domain name]:[port number]
  • lftp s

Recursive download/upload

lftp> mirror directory_to_download
lftp> mirror -R directory_to_upload

For more lftp options type the following command in a console window

# man lftp

Tags: ,

Posted by

01 Feb 2008 Cold backup for the Open Source Edition of Zimbra

Today I’ve setup a cold backup routine to backup my Zimba installation running on my Debian (Etch) 4.0 server that is in full production now for my private domains. This is a slightly modified backup script for the Open Source Edition of Zimbra from the Zimbra Wiki. Please note that the script does a full backup every time it’s being run!


# Zimbra Backup Script
# Requires sftp to run
# This script is intended to run from the crontab as root
# Free to use and free of any warranty!  Daniel W. Martin, 9 Sept 2007

# Live sync before stopping Zimbra to minimize sync time with the services down
# Comment out the following line if you want to try single cold-sync only
rsync -avHK --delete /opt/zimbra/ /backup/zimbra

# which is the same as: /opt/zimbra /backup
# Including --delete option gets rid of files in the dest folder that don't exist at the src
# this prevents logfile/extraneous bloat from building up overtime.

# Stop Zimbra Services
sudo -u zimbra /opt/zimbra/bin/zmcontrol stop
sleep 40

# Sync to backup directory
rsync -avHK --delete /opt/zimbra/ /backup/zimbra

# Restart Zimbra Services
sudo -u zimbra /opt/zimbra/bin/zmcontrol start

# Create a txt file in the backup directory that'll contain the current Zimbra
# server version. Handy for knowing what version of Zimbra a backup can be restored to.
sudo -u zimbra zmcontrol -v > /backup/zimbra/conf/zimbra_version.txt
# or examine your /opt/zimbra/.install_history

# Create archive of backed-up directory for offsite transfer
# cd /backup/zimbra

tar -zcf /backup/$ZimbraVersion-$(date +"%Y-%m-%d").tgz -C /backup/zimbra .

# Transfer file to backup server using passwordless sftp
scp zimbraBackup-zcs-5.0.1_GA_1902.DEBIAN4.0.20080109200914-$(date +"%Y-%m-%d").tgz

I’ve described passwordless ssh/sftp session in a earlier post so I won’t describe the last line of the backup script.

Tags: , , , , ,

Posted by

09 Jan 2008 SFTP in batch mode

This post describes how you use sftp in batch mode. If you don’t want to type in your password read my SSH without a password post.Create a file named myCommands.sftp that contains the commands you want to run. My file looks like this

# Change to your desired directory locallylcd /data/Hattori# Change to the desired directory on the remote servercd /backup# Transfer all remote files locallyget *# We're done with this sessionbye

Next you run the sftp session

sftp -b myCommands.sftp

That should be all that is necessary to download your files from the remote server.This example could easily have been extended with a crontab entry.

Tags: , ,

Posted by

28 Nov 2007 Deny SSH- but allow SFTP access

This is an alternative way of limiting the SSH access to only SFTP explained in my How to restrict users to SFTP only instead of SSH post.Edit your /etc/sshd_config file and change your settings like thisMatch User usernameAllowTcpForwarding noX11Forwarding noForceCommand /usr/libexec/sftp-server -l INFO Replace username with the user name you would limit the SSH access for.

Tags: ,

Posted by