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19 Sep 2011 Fix low volume issue in Ubuntu 11.04

This post is a short howto to fix/workaround the problem with low volume in some Ubuntu 11.04 installations.
The fix for me was to open a console window (as the user I’m logged in with) and start the alsamixer

# alsamixer

You will then see the alsamixer window. Use the left/right arrow keys and choose the device you would like to configure. In my case it was the headphone.

Choose which sound card you would like to configure on the headphone by pressing the F6-key. Make your choice and press the Enter-key.

Use your up/down arrow keys to choose the right volume for your configuration. You should have some audio playing while you configure to determine the right value.

Press the Esc key to exit alsamixer when you have found the right volume. Your settings are persistent and will survive a reboot.

You are now done with configuring your sound card.

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14 Sep 2011 Windows grep command alternative

grep is a linux console command to print lines matching a line, but Windows does not have the grep command.
In Windows you have to use the findstr command in a console window.

Example

C:\>dir |findstr Windows
13.09.2011  10:41              Windows

The findstr command is default case sensitive just like in linux.

findstr options

C:\>findstr -?
Searches for strings in files.

FINDSTR [/B] [/E] [/L] [/R] [/S] [/I] [/X] [/V] [/N] [/M] [/O] [/P] [/F:file]
        [/C:string] [/G:file] [/D:dir list] [/A:color attributes] [/OFF[LINE]]
        strings [[drive:][path]filename[ ...]]

  /B         Matches pattern if at the beginning of a line.
  /E         Matches pattern if at the end of a line.
  /L         Uses search strings literally.
  /R         Uses search strings as regular expressions.
  /S         Searches for matching files in the current directory and all
             subdirectories.
  /I         Specifies that the search is not to be case-sensitive.
  /X         Prints lines that match exactly.
  /V         Prints only lines that do not contain a match.
  /N         Prints the line number before each line that matches.
  /M         Prints only the filename if a file contains a match.
  /O         Prints character offset before each matching line.
  /P         Skip files with non-printable characters.
  /OFF[LINE] Do not skip files with offline attribute set.
  /A:attr    Specifies color attribute with two hex digits. See "color /?"
  /F:file    Reads file list from the specified file(/ stands for console).
  /C:string  Uses specified string as a literal search string.
  /G:file    Gets search strings from the specified file(/ stands for console).
  /D:dir     Search a semicolon delimited list of directories
  strings    Text to be searched for.
  [drive:][path]filename
             Specifies a file or files to search.

Use spaces to separate multiple search strings unless the argument is prefixed
with /C.  For example, 'FINDSTR "hello there" x.y' searches for "hello" or
"there" in file x.y.  'FINDSTR /C:"hello there" x.y' searches for
"hello there" in file x.y.

Regular expression quick reference:
  .        Wildcard: any character
  *        Repeat: zero or more occurrences of previous character or class
  ^        Line position: beginning of line
  $        Line position: end of line
  [class]  Character class: any one character in set
  [^class] Inverse class: any one character not in set
  [x-y]    Range: any characters within the specified range
  \x       Escape: literal use of metacharacter x
  \    Word position: end of word

For full information on FINDSTR regular expressions refer to the online Command
Reference.

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