You can specify the SELinux mode using the configuration file /etc/sysconfig/selinux.
# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system. # SELINUX= can take one of these three values: # enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced. # permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing. # disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded. SELINUX=enforcing # SELINUXTYPE= type of policy in use. Possible values are: # targeted - Only targeted network daemons are protected. # strict - Full SELinux protection. SELINUXTYPE=targeted
Setting the value to enforcing is the same as adding enforcing=1 to your command line when booting the kernel to turn enforcing on, while setting the value to permissive is the same as adding enforcing=0 to turn enforcing off. Note that the command line kernel parameter overrides the configuration file.
However, setting the value to disabled is not the same as the selinux=0 kernel boot parameter. Rather than fully disabling SELinux in the kernel, the disabled setting instead turns enforcing off and skips loading a policy.